The madal is a folk musical instrument of Nepal . The Madal (Nepali: मादल), is used mainly for rhythm-keeping in Nepalese folk music. It is very popular and widely used as hand drum in Nepal. The Madal consists of a cylindrical body with a slight bulge at its center and heads at both ends, one head larger than the other. It is usually played horizontally in a seated position, with both heads played simultaneously.Madal is a National Instrument of Nepal. This typical Nepalese percussion instrument is the backbone of most Nepali folk music. The well-known Nepali musician Ranjit Gazmer introduced this instrument to Bollywood music, when he started working under Rahul Dev Burman, and has used it in numerous Bollywood songs such as ‘Hum dono do premi duniya chhod chale’, ‘Kanchi re kanchi re’ and many others. There is also a madal drum among certain Adivasi groups.